Guidance on Management of COVID-19 in Homeless Service Sites and in Correctional and Detention Facilities
People who have been exposed can be identified in two ways:
Case Investigation and Person-Based Contact Tracing
Case investigations can prioritize identification of close contacts who are more likely to get very sick from COVID-19, so that they can be referred to a healthcare provider to determine eligibility for treatment if they test positive for COVID-19.
Location-Based Contact Tracing
Location-based contact tracing may be preferable in homeless service sites and correctional and detention facilities where traditional person-based contact tracing is ineffective because of crowding, mixing of residents and staff, difficulty ascertaining close contacts, and residents’ movements in and out of the facility. Location-based contact tracing identifies people with recent known or potential exposure based on whether they spent time in the same areas as a person with COVID-19 during the time the infected person was considered infectious. The infectious period is considered to be two days prior to onset of any symptoms, or two days prior to the positive test if they do not have symptoms, through the end of isolation. This process can help identify additional facilities (or portions of facilities) that might need investigation and testing. Examples of how to conduct location-based contact tracing include:
- Service sites and programs for people experiencing homelessness: Work with homeless service providers to use Homeless Management Information Systems (HMIS) and other homeless service data collection systems to identify where the person with a COVID-19 positive test checked in during the time they were infectious.
- Correctional and detention facilities: Identify areas where someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 spent time while they were infectious. For residents, this could include their housing unit, work detail, transport bus, dining area, and any programmatic activities; for staff and volunteers, this could include their duty station, break room, and carpool.
For sites/areas of a facility that have been identified in location-based contact tracing, consider conducting location-based testing.
If any additional cases are identified, facilities should consider adding enhanced prevention strategies.